The tooth is a versatile tool. Not only do healthy smiles make people more attractive, teeth are also used to break down food for digestion. But the functions of teeth are not just limited to cutting, grinding, and chewing. They also help with speech development and play a role in giving us facial definition. With that being said, do you know the different parts of a tooth? A detailed anatomy overview will help us understand its significance.
Anatomy of a Tooth
• Enamel: The white, hard outer part of the tooth is the hardest substance in the body. Calcium phosphate gives enamel its toughness . Enamel helps in the biting and chewing of food, and protects the tooth against decay.
• Dentin: The layer beneath the enamel, dentin consists of living cells and forms the largest part of the tooth.
• Pulp: The inner part of a tooth, which is soft and contains nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissues. The pulp nourishes the dentin. It’s this part of the tooth that hurts when there’s a dental issue.
• Cementum: A bed of connective tissues, cementum helps in binding the roots of the tooth to the gums and jaw.
• Periodontal ligament: The fibrous tissue that holds the tooth strongly and secures it to the jaw.
Although teeth are the hardest substance found in the human body, they are also very vulnerable. Ensuring adequate care by practicing good oral hygiene will keep teeth healthy. Remember to always:
• Brush twice a day
• Floss at least once a day
• Visit your dentist for regular dental checkups at least twice a year